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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-28

Awareness, practices, and prevalence of hypertension among rural Nigerian women

1 Community Health Unit, School of Health Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, 14/16 Ahmadu Bellow Way, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Primary Health Care Department, Sanga Local Government, Kaduna State, Nigeria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Samuel O. Azubuike
Community Health Unit, School of Health Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, 14/16 Ahmadu Bellow Way, Victoria Island, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.133791

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Background: High blood pressure is on the rise globally, affecting more women than men in many developing countries. It is the leading cause of mortality worldwide, and hospitalization in sub-Saharan Africa. Many known risk factors to hypertension, though prevalent in Nigeria, are controllable. Prevention, however, is difficult where there is poor awareness, attitude, and practices. Objectives: The study aims at determining the level of knowledge of hypertension and its associated factors, attitudes, practices, and prevalence among rural Nigerian women. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional design was used to study 252 subjects in Sanga Local Government Area. Subject selection was by purposive and stratified sampling techniques. Data were collected using self-administered, semi-structured questionnaire after informed consents were obtained both verbally and in writing. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical package. Level of significant was taken at 0.05. Results: Prevalence of hypertension was 24.2%. Average level of risk factor awareness was 65.4% with excessive salt intake (77.4%) being the most recognized. Asymptomatic nature of hypertension was recognized by 61.5% of the respondents, while 44.4% only knew the standard method for hypertension detection. While 17.5% strongly believed that hypertension can be managed effectively with drugs, it was only 9.1% that strongly disagreed that it could be caused by evil spirits. The average number of those with good preventive life style practices was 61.3%. Knowledge was associated with several factors and seems to affect practices (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Fair but inadequate level of knowledge and attitudes affected by several factors, as well as moderately high prevalence was recorded.

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