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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 203-208

A study on health risk behavior of mid-adolescent school students in a rural and an urban area of West Bengal, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kamarhati, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kamarhati, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dipankar Chattopadhyay
35/3, Kankrapara Lane, Howrah - 711 104, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.171906

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Background and Objective: High-risk behaviors can have adverse effects on health of adolescents. It is essential to identify risks so that modification can be initiated before any damage. The present study was conducted among adolescents to study their risk behaviors. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study based on the concept of Global School-based Student Health Survey was conducted by interviewing adolescents of one urban and one rural randomly selected school. For quick overall assessment of their risk behaviors, a predesigned three-point scoring system was followed. Data were analyzed using Epi Info version 3.5.1. Results: The study of six domains of important risk behaviors among 788 school-going adolescents (rural: 436 [55.3%], urban: 352 [44.7%]), (male: 406 [51.5%], female: 382 [48.5%]) revealed that occurrence of dietary high-risk behavior was more in urban students (11.4%) than rural students (1.8%). Regarding violence, occurrence of high-risk behavior was also higher among urban students (18.8% vs. 6%). The number of mentally disturbed girls is more than boys. Conclusion: The mean risk scores in all domains, except personal hygiene, are either in 'Moderate' or 'high' risk grade. It is of great concern that rural and urban, male and female adolescents are at risk though their vulnerability varies.

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