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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 209-214

Profile of systemic sclerosis and associated renal involvement

Department of Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Anup K Das
Department of Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh - 786 002, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.171908

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Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients are encountered in all parts of the world. Few Indian studies are found in the literature on this connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology. The spectrum of sclerodermatous diseases comprises a wide variety of clinical entities. Renal involvement is not common in Indian patients when compared to western patient's in spite of the kidney being commonly affected in scleroderma due to vascular changes. Aim and Objective: To primarily study the prevalence of renal involvement in SSc and to correlate it with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) over a period of 1 year in a tertiary care hospital in North-East India. Materials and Methods: A total of 38 consecutive scleroderma patients of both sexes, diagnosed by established criteria, were examined, and hsCRP was estimated in all. Evaluation for nephropathy by biochemical tests and sonography were carried out. Relevant clinical/biochemical examinations were carried out. Results: SSc was 3 times more common in mostly in middle aged females. About 50% presented within 1 year of disease onset. Renal involvement was uncommon (18%) and hsCRP was detected in 26%. Conclusion: SSc with nephropathy, not renal crisis, presents early and hsCRP is a good marker for the same.

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