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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 229-236

Vitamin D deficiency and cardiometabolic syndrome: Is the evidence solid?

1 Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
2 Department of Columbus County Health, Nutrition and WIC, North Carolina, USA

Correspondence Address:
Lubna A.G. Mahmood
Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_80_17

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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin which has an important role in bone metabolism with some anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties. It is very unique since it can be made in the skin from exposure to sunlight. Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) is a group of metabolic abnormalities that can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. It develops in an individual with any three of the following risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and thrombosis. Both dietary and environmental factors, when combined with a sedentary lifestyle, lead to metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors. The research outcomes propose to increase the current Vitamin D fortification level in foods to reduce the risk factors of the MS. Further researches are needed before clinical practice can recommend a Vitamin D prescription as a treatment for CMS in the general population.

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