Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37--41

Effect of foam rolling of quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band on knee passive range of motion and physical function in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome - Randomized controlled trial


Shlesha Maulik Vaidya 
 S.S. Agrawal Institute of Physiotherapy, Navsari, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shlesha Maulik Vaidya
S.S. Agrawal Institute of Physiotherapy, Navsari - 396 445, Gujarat
India

Background and Aim: There are several techniques for limited and painful knee flexion, but there are very few evidences about the effect of foam rolling in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). A Randomized control study was designed to determine the effect of foam rolling as well as of stretching on knee passive range of motion (ROM) and functional status in patients with patellofemoral pain and to compare the effect with that of static stretching. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients diagnosed with chronic knee pain were randomized into two groups (experimental and controlled groups) with 15 subjects in each group. The experimental group received foam rolling exercises on quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band muscles. Passive stretching of all the abovementioned muscles was given to the controlled group. The intervention was given for 3 alternate days per week for 4 weeks per patient. Strengthening exercises were given to both the groups. Outcome measures were passive ROM and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score scale. Results: Within-group analysis (P < 0.05) showed that both the interventions had a significant effect on passive range of motion and physical function in patients with PFPS. However, intergroup analysis (P > 0.05) showed that there is no significant difference between the two groups in terms of outcome measure. Conclusion: Both foam rolling and conventional treatment (stretching) are effective in improving knee ROM and functional status in patients with PFPS. However, the myofascial release (foam rolling) treatment showed slightly better (however, not significant) clinical improvement in terms of improving knee ROM and functional status in patients with PFPS.


How to cite this article:
Vaidya SM. Effect of foam rolling of quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band on knee passive range of motion and physical function in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome - Randomized controlled trial.Arch Med Health Sci 2022;10:37-41


How to cite this URL:
Vaidya SM. Effect of foam rolling of quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band on knee passive range of motion and physical function in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome - Randomized controlled trial. Arch Med Health Sci [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 8 ];10:37-41
Available from: https://www.amhsjournal.org/article.asp?issn=2321-4848;year=2022;volume=10;issue=1;spage=37;epage=41;aulast=Vaidya;type=0